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Hi ha moltes Societats del Coneixement possibles. Aquí apostem per una d’oberta i lliure.

Manifiesto por una Red Neutral (passa-ho!)

(Si te sientes cómodo y representado por este texto, dale toda la difusión que puedas y quieras: reprodúcelo, enlázalo, tradúcelo, compártelo, vótalo… todas esas cosas que puedes hacer con total tranquilidad y libertad gracias, precisamente, al hecho de que tenemos todavía una red neutral. Hagamos posible el seguir teniéndola)

Los ciudadanos y las empresas usuarias de Internet adheridas a este texto MANIFESTAMOS:

  1. Que Internet es una Red Neutral por diseño, desde su creación hasta su actual implementación, en la que la información fluye de manera libre, sin discriminación alguna en función de origen, destino, protocolo o contenido.
  2. Que las empresas, emprendedores y usuarios de Internet han podido crear servicios y productos en esa Red Neutral sin necesidad de autorizaciones ni acuerdos previos, dando lugar a una barrera de entrada prácticamente inexistente que ha permitido la explosión creativa, de innovación y de servicios que define el estado de la red actual.
  3. Que todos los usuarios, emprendedores y empresas de Internet han podido definir y ofrecer sus servicios en condiciones de igualdad llevando el concepto de la libre competencia hasta extremos nunca antes conocidos.
  4. Que Internet es el vehículo de libre expresión, libre información y desarrollo social más importante con el que cuentan ciudadanos y empresas. Su naturaleza no debe ser puesta en riesgo bajo ningún concepto.
  5. Que para posibilitar esa Red Neutral las operadoras deben transportar paquetes de datos de manera neutral sin erigirse en “aduaneros” del tráfico y sin favorecer o perjudicar a unos contenidos por encima de otros.
  6. Que la gestión del tráfico en situaciones puntuales y excepcionales de saturación de las redes debe acometerse de forma transparente, de acuerdo a criterios homogéneos de interés público y no discriminatorios ni comerciales.
  7. Que dicha restricción excepcional del tráfico por parte de las operadoras no puede convertirse en una alternativa sostenida a la inversión en redes.
  8. Que dicha Red Neutral se ve amenazada por operadoras interesadas en llegar a acuerdos comerciales por los que se privilegie o degrade el contenido según su relación comercial con la operadora.
  9. Que algunos operadores del mercado quieren “redefinir” la Red Neutral para manejarla de acuerdo con sus intereses, y esa pretensión debe ser evitada; la definición de las reglas fundamentales del funcionamiento de Internet debe basarse en el interés de quienes la usan, no de quienes la proveen.
  10. Que la respuesta ante esta amenaza para la red no puede ser la inacción: no hacer nada equivale a permitir que intereses privados puedan de facto llevar a cabo prácticas que afectan a las libertades fundamentales de los ciudadanos y la capacidad de las empresas para competir en igualdad de condiciones.
  11. Que es preciso y urgente instar al Gobierno a proteger de manera clara e inequívoca la Red Neutral, con el fin de proteger el valor de Internet de cara al desarrollo de una economía más productiva, moderna, eficiente y libre de injerencias e intromisiones indebidas. Para ello es preciso que cualquier moción que se apruebe vincule de manera indisoluble la definición de Red Neutral en el contenido de la futura ley que se promueve, y no condicione su aplicación a cuestiones que poco tienen que ver con ésta.

La Red Neutral es un concepto claro y definido en el ámbito académico, donde no suscita debate: los ciudadanos y las empresas tienen derecho a que el tráfico de datos recibido o generado no sea manipulado, tergiversado, impedido, desviado, priorizado o retrasado en función del tipo de contenido, del protocolo o aplicación utilizado, del origen o destino de la comunicación ni de cualquier otra consideración ajena a la de su propia voluntad. Ese tráfico se tratará como una comunicación privada y exclusivamente bajo mandato judicial podrá ser espiado, trazado, archivado o analizado en su contenido, como correspondencia privada que es en realidad.

Europa, y España en particular, se encuentran en medio de una crisis económica tan importante que obligará al cambio radical de su modelo productivo, y a un mejor aprovechamiento de la creatividad de sus ciudadanos. La Red Neutral es crucial a la hora de preservar un ecosistema que favorezca la competencia e innovación para la creación de los innumerables productos y servicios que quedan por inventar y descubrir. La capacidad de trabajar en red, de manera colaborativa, y en mercados conectados, afectará a todos los sectores y todas las empresas de nuestro país, lo que convierte a Internet en un factor clave actual y futuro en nuestro desarrollo económico y social, determinando en gran medida el nivel de competitividad del país. De ahí nuestra profunda preocupación por la preservación de la Red Neutral. Por eso instamos con urgencia al Gobierno español a ser proactivo en el contexto europeo y a legislar de manera clara e inequívoca en ese sentido.

Filed under: Economia de xarxes, Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Llibertats digitals, Xarxes i telecomunicacions,

Els ajuntaments (per desconeixement?) estan malbaratant diners per posar infrastructura wifi

Alguns exemples a ciutats properes. En aquest cas Sabadell:

1) Redacció del projecte de connexió dels edificis municipals amb tecnologia WIMAX i extensió dels espais Wifi a la ciutat. FEOSL 349: http://www.sabadell.cat/Contractaci0/p/perfildetallClassificacio_cat.asp?tipus=&Subtipus=RPRJ&cod=2009GPDC00218

2) Execució del projecte anterior, en que per a unir 13 seus municipals es gasten més de 210.000 euros!!!!!!:

http://www.sabadell.cat/fitxes/noticies/2010/2010070903_cat.htm

I la noticia a Vilaweb i el comentari d’un membre de la comunitat guifi.net de Sabadell:

http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/3757272/lajuntament-gasta-210000-euros-dinversio-estatal-connectar-tan-sols-13-edificis-xarxa-wi-fi.html

Un node wifi magnific es pot muntar per 1.000 euros. I 13?. Doncs posem-li 15.000 euros, vinga… Això es el que els hi ha costat als milers de ususaris (administracions, empreses, ciutadans), que usen la tecnologia lliure i oberta guifi.net. I a Sabadell en paguem 210.000!  A això n’hi dic jo “l’efecte ganga del sistema de subvencions (en aquest cas, els FEOSL)”, llargament estudiat i conegut… I tant perjudicial pels ciutadans que paguem impostos… Tot això es pot fer a un preu de 1000 euros-node amb tecnologia guifi.net, que a més:

a) Promou el desenvolupament local d’empreses de telecomuniacions

b) Es oberta i neutral, i per tant, reaprofitable per a tots els ciutadans i empreses que vulguin urnir mes nodes a la xarxa. Costos decreixents clasissimament a mesura que la xarxa de nodes local es fa mes gran i mes densa. Si l’ajuntament paga una infrastructura de telecomunicacions perque la desaprofita per a altres usos públics???. Es com si l’ajuntament asfaltés un carrer per a deixar-hi passar sols els camions i cotxes dels serveis municipals. Absurd oi?

c) Redueix de forma radical el digital divide, la escletxa digital. Qualsevol ciutadà (o comunitat de veïns), gastant-se 100 euros per encarar una antena o node client als supernodes del municipi i disfrutar d’una connexió de telecomunicacions de baix cost i altes prestacions (50MB simetrics de ample de banda) i de tots els seveis que s’hi posin “dins”: radio, telefonia IP, internet, cameres, serveis, monitoratges, sensors a distància de regs, semàfors, instal·lacions, xarxes d’aigua i d’energia, etc etc…

I, desgraciadament, no és que l’ajuntament de Sabadell desconegui que és guifi.net. Alguns guifaires de Sabadell ja li han explicat a l’ajuntament. Aquesta és la xarxa wifi ciutadana actual a la mateixa ciutat:

http://guifi.net/sabadell

Espero que l’ajuntament on treballo, Rubí, s’hi miri mes alhora de instal·lar infrastructura wifi interna (per a us de l’ajuntament) o publica (per donar internet a la ciutadanaia a determinats llocs i en determinades i restrictives condicions que marca la legislació ara per ara). Jo ja he oferit el meu assessorament gratuit i desinteressat a alguns responsables municipals (be, “interessat” per la “causa” guifi.net de fer xarxes de telecomunicacions obertes i neutrals, i a mes de baix cost). I és que amb 200.000 euros posariem 200 nodes wifi a Rubí. Pràcticament cada 100 metres i al llarg i ample de la ciutat i dels seus polígons i urbanitzacions (tant mancades de telecomuniacions!). Xarxa que a mesura que fos propietat (o en usufructe) de la ciutadania seria mantinguda per la ciutadania!: ajuntament, empreses, ciutadans, col·lectius tots usant i sostinguent una única xarxa!

Llastimosament el mateix que passa a Sabadell passa a d’altres ciutats, com Terrassa, que dediquen els fons del FEOSL a posar infraestructures de telecomunicacions a preus francament cars. Com que paga el Zapatero, i no l’ajuntament!

El que aquí explico no es cap utopia noi cap somni de il·luminat. És una realitat així de palpable:

http://guifi.net/catalunya

Filed under: ciutats, Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Openess (en sentit ampli), Política, Urbanisme, urbanlab, Xarxes i telecomunicacions, , ,

Guifi.net i la manifestació “Som una nació. Nosaltres decidim”

El passat 10 de Juliol varem estar currant tot el dia, una vintena de membres de guifi.net a donar cobertura Internet via wifi obert i lliure al milió i pico de persones de la manifestació contra la retallada a l’estatut i de reafirmacio nacional.

Lema de la manifestació: “Sóm una nació. Nosaltres decidim”
Lema que podriem traslladar a: “Som una societat. Nosaltres ens comuniquem lliurement”, que podria ser perfectament un lema de guifi.net

Aqui un emocionant  video al canal guifi.net-media de Blip.TV:

El Video comença amb la imatge del cartell que varem posar al llarg del recorregut de la manifestació.

:-D

Més informació, comentaris dels protagonistes i fotos del “making off” de com es munten telecomunicacions de baix cost en dos dies per donar cobertura wi-fi a millions de persones. Una demostració mes de que l’oligopolistic i mal regulat mercat de les telecomunicacions ens fa pagar el guts i les ganes i que brilla per la ineficiencia al donar banda ambla a la ciutadania (perdó, als consumidors):

Post a la web de guifi.net:

http://guifi.net/node/31246

Reportatge fotogràfic a la web de guifi.net:

http://guifi.net/image/tid/247

Una foto al node del lloc de sortida de la capçalera de la mani, on surtim uns quants:

http://guifi.net/node/31284

Fotos amb l’etiqueta “somunanacio” al flickr, moltes d’elles pujades a través de la connexió internet posada a disposició dels manifestants per omnium/guifi.net:

http://www.flickr.com/photos/tags/somunanacio/

Filed under: Col·laboració, cooperació, p2p, Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Internet, Llibertat, Política, Xarxes i telecomunicacions, , , ,

Analisi de Xarxes Socials (ARS) amb visualització amb look d’anunci

Filed under: Networks, SNA - Social Network Anàlisis, xarxes socials online, ,

APIs (accès) sobre les dades públiques ja!

Aplicacions per a distribuir, visualitzar i analitzar dades sobre les ciutats i els territoris, obertes a qualsevol curiós analista…

Bones pràctiques:

CivicApps.org.

Open Gov Data.

Un post sobre el tema:

http://www.ogov.eu/open-government-data-ogd-el-futuro-esta-aqui/

Reflexions des de la practica professional:

Tinc molta experiència en curiosejar grans repositoris de dades, tant d’administracions locals com de empreses en les que he estat.

A diferencia dels responsables dels diferents repositoris i bades de dades, o dels informàtics que les administren quan veig una base de dades de registres administratius –per exemple, a un ajuntament, que és on ara treballo: el cadastre, el padró continu de població, padro del IBI, padró de llicències d’activitat, padró de llicències d’obra, base de dades de registre de les peticions dels ciutadans, base de dades de serveis socials, de la policia local..–, jo acostumo a mirar-les amb mentalitat analítico-estadística, més enllà de la primera funció d’aquestes bases de dades: gestionar tributs, relacions amb els ciutadans, etc..

A mes, a la majoria d’ajuntaments la majoria d’aquestes bbdd estan relacionades (creuades) a partir de la referència cadastral!!. Cosa que descoenixen (quasi) tots els analistes sobre la realitat urbana i de les ciutats. És a dir, podem creuar qualsevol camp o dada d’una d’aquestes bbdd amb les altres. Podem saber, posem pel cas, per a quins temes demanen els habitants de nacionalitat asiàtica d’un determinat bloc de pisos, illa, barri.. I posar-ho tot sobre els mapes georeferenciats de base cadastral (o altra cartografia: google maps, earth..)

La potencialitat analítica per a pendre el pols “on time” de la ciutat és espectacular. Pero no hi ha tècnics amb aquest avisió tant evident a algú amb firmació sociològico-estadística…. I no hi ha temps, ni recursos, que cal dirigir a “la gestió” concreta i diària…

Doncs això té una solució bastant  fàcil: obrir les dades (amb les tècniques adiens d’anonimització, perfectament eficients) a la ciutadania, empreses i investigadors. El que ha desencadenat la web 2.0. no és precisament la interconnexió de dades d’aplicacions i webs que o tenen res a veure, a traves de interfaços de programació: APIs, Mashups… Aqui està el secret, i no en les aplicacions de xarxes online… El secret es interconectar dades, fer-les interoperables

I perque “obrir dades publiques” i “agregar-les amb dades dels usuaris (empreses, ciutadans). Doncs per mooooltes raons:

1) Obrir la capacitat analitica, distribuint-la entre tots el susuaris. Si l’administració en reb el feedback dels centenars de potencials analistes s’estalviarà millions d’euros en consultors i estudis, molts d’ells mediocres.

2) Crear mes qualitat democràtica. No cal dis res mes: els ciutadans tenen dret a accesdir a les dades publiques per a tenir mes criteri i per evitar usus aprofitats de les dades que es registren sobre la seva activitat (quasi sempre a partir de necessitats impositives).

3) Crear mes mercat i activitat econòmica justament en base a desmercantilitzar el coneixment (les dades que en son la base). A mes dades, mes coneixment, mes possibilitats d’afegir valor a partir d’ells

Hi ha coses que em semblen tant de calaix que em costa de creure que es facin tant lentamet.

UNA ADENDA DINAL: Algunes dades de empreses “privades” també s’han de obrir…

Per cert, entre els datatsets que obligaria a obrir per llei estan tots els de les empreses que tenen la concessió administrativa de gestió de serveis publics: teleoperadores, companyies de mòbils, gestors d’autopistes, campanyies energètiques i de vols, etc….

El mercat per a que funcioni, te que ser TRANSPARENT en la informació, tant els membres de l’oferta (empreses) com de la demanda (clients) han de coneixer els moviments de tots els actors. De primes de econòmiques, un dels 5 axiomes bàsics per a poder parlar de mercat…

I es que una “nova finestra” d’oportunitats s’obrirà si ens pujem al carro (ja imparable) del Open Public Data. Mai com ara el poder depenia tant de la informació (de la seva clausura, vull dir). Mai com ara l’obertura de les dades (com del coneixement) pot ser tant emancipador…

Filed under: ciutats, Col·laboració, cooperació, p2p, DataMining i Datawarehouse, Gestió i anàlisi de BBDD, Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Openess (en sentit ampli), Poder i llibertat, Urbanisme i xarxes, urbanlab, , , ,

Tutorial per a fer piramides de poblacio amb excel

Cansat, com jo, de buscar piràmides velles, que vas fer fa mesos/anys, per a recordar com fer piramides amb un full de càlcul??

Aquí un petit tutorial per a fer piràmides de població amb excel i per a guardar-les com a plantilla.

Que no serveixi de precedent que jo aconselli algo de Microsoft. Heu de saber –i per a que consti– que també es poden fer piràmides amb Open Office, que com a software no és ni pitjor ni millor globalment, pero sí que (segur!) és mes just i avantatjós amb l’ususari final que no pas l’excel… Pero, llastimosament encara no he trobat el tutorial equivalent per al Calc de l’Open Office.

Segur que algú ha fet algun soft especialitzat en piramides, o en grafics demogràfics, m’hi jugaria bastants diners… Si és aixi i tu el coneixes pots deixar el link comentant aquest post. ;)

Filed under: ciutats, Estadística, matemàtica i altres eines de triturar xifres, MyWeb2.0, Urbanisme, Urbanisme i xarxes, ,

URGENT: Escriu al teu parlamentari europeu per a que no es permeti bloquejar als usuaris de Internet

Donem suport a aquesta campanya urgent (tenim temps fins el 5 de Maig!):

“Blackout Europe. Defending people’s internet”

Don’t let the EU parliament lock up the Internet! It will be no way back!

Motiu de l’acció de pressió als parlamentaris euopeus: el 5 de Maig sembla que es vol votar una ressolució que permeti a les teleoperadores bloquejar a usuaris, bloquejar l’accès a determinats webs, contnguts… A radere hi ha la lluita contra el P2P, entre altres coses.

Els europarlamentaris ara estaran mes receptius a les pressions de  la comunitat internauta, ja que en poques setmanes hi ha eleccions… ;)

Tallo-i-enganxo el qu trobaràs al blog de coordinació de la campanya de la Opennet Coalition:

Act now!Tomorrow is too late!

WE CAN DO SOMETHING ABOUT – WE HAVE VOTED THEM – TELL THE PARLIAMENT TO VOTE NO!

Internet access is not conditional

Everyone who owns a website has an interest in defending the free use of Internet… so has everyone who uses Google or Skype… everyone who expresses their opinions freely, does research of any kind, whether for personal health problems or academic study … everyone who shops online…who dates online…socializes online… listens to music…watches video…

[Més informació...]

Institucions organitzades en la Opennet Coalition, que promouen aquesta campanya:

-La Quadrature du Net
-ScambioEtico
-Free Knowledge Institute
-P2P Foundation
-eXgae (esp)
-Istituto per le Politiche dell’Innovazione
-I SOC-ECC
-Ireland Offline
-Hispalinux (esp)
-Arbeitskreis Vorratsdatenspeicherung
-Asociacion de Internautas (esp)
-IT-Political Association of Denmark
-EDRI
-Open Rights Group
-FFII

Filed under: Col·laboració, cooperació, p2p, Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Internet, Llibertats digitals, Openess (en sentit ampli), Política, Xarxes i telecomunicacions

OPEN LETTER TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT. PASSA-HO!

OPEN LETTER TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

Dear Member of the European Parliament,

We wish to express our deepest concerns about the future of the Internet in Europe with regard to the latest amendments to the Telecoms Package, which is at this time in the final phase of its Second Reading stage. Several harmful amendments to the Telecoms Package have been adopted on March 31st, in the IMCO Committee of the European Parliament. Most of these amendments weaken or render void any protection to consumers, allow practices which are detrimental to the fundamental rights of the citizens, and give wide and discretionary powers to telecommunication companies.

Amendments relating to traffic network discrimination which allow Internet providers to filter contents and applications and to give priority to certain services, whilst blocking others. The consequences will be catastrophic for citizens’ freedom and for Internet based innovation. Any business operator on the Internet will have no longer the certainty of reaching all of the web surfers of Europe. Conversely, every Internet user will see only the portion of the Web which the provider will allow access to.

Open and non-discriminatory access, which has always been the basis for the growth of the Internet, is threatened by American telecommunications companies AT&T and Verizon, which have pushed a series of amendments. These amendments will create a permanent state of bandwidth scarcity and allow companies to prioritize certain contents, applications and services over others. They will also discourage investments in network infrastructure, preventing competition and innovation. This will seriously threaten fundamental freedom of speech. What’s more, as EU Observer stated (http://euobserver.com/19/27859):

“US President Barack Obama made net neutrality a key issue while on the campaign trail, and at the beginning of March appointed Julius Genachowski, a strong backer of net neutrality, as the country’s top telecommunications regulator. The big US telcos see the writing on the wall, and so the battlefield has shifted across the Atlantic.”

The AT&T amendments have been pushed, at the very least, without regard to their potential to slow innovation in Europe, and to put it at a disadvantage to the USA. The European internal market, which is based significantly on the Internet, will no longer have the benefits of an open and non discriminatory Internet. Yet, those very benefits will still be available to all other countries outside the EU.

In the time of a serious economic crisis, the risk is that the gap between Europe and USA will be artificially created, slowing down the core of the electronic telecommunication infrastructure.

It is our understanding that the European Parliament has not been correctly informed, if even perhaps misinformed, about the aforementioned risks which have emerged more clearly after the stage of first reading.

Already, on the 3rd of April the largest German mobile telecommunication company announced they are blocking Skype, even though Skype is both a key application for voice communication on the Internet and is known to consume a small amount of bandwidth. Therefore it is obvious the decision was not based on any real need of traffic management or Quality of Service.

It shows that traffic management policies and Quality of Service can be used as an excuse to block specific applications. It also demonstrates that purely depending on competition among telecommunication companies is a crude mechanism to guarantee an open Net and emphasizes the necessity for the Universal Service Directive, that guarantees to citizens, business companies and Internet operators unlimited access to services, applications and protocols on the Internet.

Thus, we implore you to consider the matter carefully, since the whole future of the Internet in Europe, and therefore one key element of future European social and economical prosperity, is at stake now.

We cordially invite you to examine the following independent analysis related to the amended articles of Universal Service Directive, Framework Directive and Authorisation Directive, by Monica Horten, PhD researcher in European Communication Policy at University of Westminster, Communication and Media Research Institute.

http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=302&Itemid=9
http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=304&Itemid=9

We hope that you will defend citizens’ fundamental rights and the future economic prosperity of the European market project which is based around fundamental Internet freedoms

Within our coalition we have experts in areas relevant to the Internet and citizens’ rights including filtering, network technologies, digital rights management, privacy and data protection, policy, law, media and software.

The undersigned groups and individuals represent thousands of European citizens and Internet users, in nearly all EU Member States.

P2P Foundation Michel Bawens and Celia Blanco

Filed under: Col·laboració, cooperació, p2p, Economia de xarxes, Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Internet, Llibertats digitals, Openess (en sentit ampli), Poder i llibertat, Xarxes i telecomunicacions, , , ,

Desmitificant les xarxes socials online: contactes no son interaccions, obviously

Esteban Moro Egido, a un pots a una llista dona compte d’un estudi sobre les xarxes socials online i la seva dinàmica, molt menor que del que la seva “estàtica” (les “fotos” i representacions de les xarxes personals, sempre molt presents en aquests aplicatius online)  ens sembla indicar. Diu:

Social Networks that matter: twitter under the microscope.  B. A. Huberman, D. M. Romero y F. Wu  http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2317/2063

El artículo incide en un aspecto que me parece muy importante: en cómo se descubren/analizan actualmente las redes sociales. Aunque el estudio se realiza sobre la red de seguidores y seguidos en el twitter, tiene aplicación a otras redes sociales. La conclusión del estudio es que aunque la red de contactos sociales en redes como Twitter, Facebook, etc puede ser muy densa, la red real de interacciones entre actores es muy “hueca” o sparse.

Como dice Huberman, la red social que de verdad interesa es la de interacción, no la de contactos.

Algo parecido estamos haciendo nosotros con las redes sociales a partir de comunicación por internet.

Mes bibliografia sobre twitter:

Some papers here (citation chasing can probably get you a few more):

Java, A., Song, X., Finin, T., and Tseng, B. 2007. Why we twitter:
understanding microblogging usage and communities. In*Proceedings of the 9th
WebKDD and 1st SNA-KDD 2007 Workshop on Web Mining and Social Network
Analysis* (San Jose, California, August 12 – 12, 2007).

Krishnamurthy, B., Gill, P., and Arlitt, M. 2008. A few chirps about
twitter. In *Proceedings of the First Workshop on online Social
Networks* (Seattle,
WA, USA, August 18 – 18, 2008). WOSP ’08. ACM, New York, NY, 19-24. DOI=
http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1397735.1397741

Honeycutt, C., and Herring, S. C. 2009. Beyond Microblogging: Conversation
and Collaboration via Twitter. In *Proceedings of the 42nd Hawaii
international Conference on System Sciences – Volume 00* (January 05 – 08,
2009).

Filed under: Internet, xarxes socials online

Interessant projecte de recerca europeu sobre surveillance i online social networks:

http://onlinesocialnetworks.blogspot.com/2009/01/dissertation-social-networking-sites.html

Filed under: Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, Privacitat, Surveillance, control elctrònic, xarxes socials online

Social networking online i web mobile: la industria analitza aquest fenòmen a Barcelona

EL W3C, organisme encarregat de proposar estandars i normalitzar el funcionament de la web, en el marc del seu treball de la “web mobile”, les webs pensades per a interactuar-hi des del mòbil, analitza el fenòmen del social networking online i les seves derivades en la telefonia mòbil. És un taller “hihglevel” que es fa aquesta setmana a Barcelona, i al que sols poden assistir els que hi prsentin “papers”. Basicament autors de l’academica i de la insdustria internet interessada.

Pot ser interessant veure repassar els 62 papers presentats al workshop, que estan online aquí.

Filed under: Innovació, Internet, xarxes socials online, , ,

Aplicant Social Network Analisis (SNA) a la xarxa de distribució de gas d’Europea.

D’un post del Jose Luis Molina,  “evangelitzador” del SNA al món hispà:

La guerra del gas entre Europa y Rusia (con Ukraina en medio) ha sido objeto
de un interesante análisis por parte de Valdis Krebs:
http://www.thenetworkthinker.com/2009/01/power-in-economic-networks.html

Ukraina tiene un grado de intermediación (betweeness) muy alto entre Europa
y el suministro de gas ruso. Ahora bien, con el gaseoducto que se está
construyendo a través de Bielorusia entre Alemania y Rusia, el grado de
intermediación de Ukraina baja al cuarto lugar …

Jolin, jolin,  sempre he pensat que l’SNA es una metodologia impressionat per analitzar les relacions de poder a qualsevol àmbit. Algunes idees d’aplicació a l’ambit public:

-La xarxa física de distribució de gas, la d’energia elèctrica.

-La xarxa física de distribució de les dades digitals, osease, de telecomunicacions:  la xarxa de fibra optica, backbones, etc etc…

-La xarxa de participació de capitals entre les grans corporacions (n’he vist algun ja de fet entre les corporacions de l’IBEX si no recordo malament).

-La xarxa de relacions entre les èlits socioeconòmiques d’un pais (un moly mooolt més petit del que ens dicta el sentit comú): consells d’administració, càrrecs polítics…Part d’aquesta informació ñes pública: els carrecs publics, els carrecs a les empreses, la propietat accionarial i no accionarial (registre mercantil, etc…)

En fi, linies de recerca que tot just estan en bolquers, però que tenen un futur mes que interessant, absolutament excitant!…

Aqui hi ha materia per a moltes tesis doctorals. I per a l’analisi del funcionament “real” de la democràcia i l’economia de mercat més enllà de tòpics i llocs comuns. :-D

Filed under: Estaria be fer-ne una recerca, SNA - Social Network Anàlisis, Sociologia, Xarxes i telecomunicacions, ,

Algunes raons per les que hauriem de donar-nos de baixa de totes les xarxes socials online

Aquest blogguer ens dona alguns arguments que ens poden ajudar a balancejar els avantatges e inconvenients de les xarxes socials online, sobretot des de la visió dels que som “filo-freesoftware” i tenim certs recels amb el poder de les grans corporacions.

Algunes una mica demagògiques, però la majoria força raonables. Almenys hem de ser conscients de que aquest servei “gratuit per als usuaris” és molt gratificant per als seus propietaris, gratificació no sempre evident. Es alguna cosa més que rebre publicitat a canvi de gratuitat del servei. A les xarxe socials online les nostres accions impliquen a tercers, a amics, companys, coneguts, a la seva privadesa i la seva llibertat, cosa no evident per a molts usuaris…

En fi, alguns arguments per a reflexionar-hi.

Jo  de moment seguiré a la mitja dotzena de xarxes socials online en les que estic, tot i els seus inconvenients, però es que a mi em mou també, a més de la seva utilitat pràctica immediat, la curiositat sociològica de veure com funcionen i quines son les seves virtuds (moltes) i perills (molts també). ;-)

Font:
http://technotrannyslut.com/2008/12/31/why-i-am-deleting-my-myspace-account-and-you-should-too/

Today I am deleting all the content from my Myspace account and leaving
only this notice. I’ve been inspired by the Franklin Street Statement
and Identi.ca and I realize and a free/libre/open source internet is
still possible, but it will require us to stop supporting corporate
websites such as myspace. Here are some good reasons to delete your
Myspace page, and support alternatives not run by corporations.

1. I’m tired of being free labor for the Fox corporation. The right wing
Fox news corporation owns myspace, and I’m not going to support them any
longer by giving them my content, my writing and images and information
about who my friends are, for free. I don’t support war, the way the Fox
corporation has, and I don’t want to provide them with more money to
spread more pro-war propaganda. According to their license, Myspace has
full rights to use my content things like advertisements for Myspace.

2. I actually care about my friends, and don’t want to screw them over
my making them a “friend” on Myspace. By using myspace, I’m forcing my
friends to sign up for a corporate owned, ad ridden, heteronormative web
service if they want to stay in touch with me. The way that we don’t
want to delete our accounts because we want to stay in touch with
friends or fans of our bands just shows how dependent we already are on
Myspace’s corporate controlled environment. We’re forced into a
compulsory relationship we don’t want because we want to “keep in touch”
with our friends?

3. I’m tired up updating so many websites because Myspace refuses to be
interoperable with other websites. Myspace and sites like it do not
allow you to download your data or automatically send it to other social
networking sites because they want to force you into the jail of their
website. Why? Why don’t we demand open social networking standards and
the ability to download our own content?

4. I have a good Free/Libre/Open Source alternative, my own blog. You
can read about what I’m up to at http://technotrannyslut.com , free of
ads for bad movies and music, free of binary gender choices and
heteronormative options for your relationships. Sites like Identi.ca
provide ethical, non-corporate controlled alternatives to sites like
Twitter. You can keep up with my status on Identi.ca, and sign up for
your own microblog, here: http://identi.ca/djlotu5 Help create a well
known list of alternatives like Identi.ca/Twitter , Opensim/Secondlife,
if you now of any, by posting a comment here:
http://technotrannyslut.com/2008/12/31/why-i-am-deleting-my-myspace-account-and-you-should-too/

Actually, even better than deleting your account, just delete all the
content and post a notice like this one.

This is just the beginning, I’m planning on getting off of Facebook and
other web services as well, and I hope you do too. We can have an
internet that is Free/Libre/Open Source, but only if we stop supporting
the corporate, locked down options we’ve been using all of these years.
As these services become more a part of our lives and get into our
phones and our everyday communications, it is critical that we fight for
our freedom. The Free/Libre/Open Source movement needs to expand from
just writing software, into creating networks of servers and services,
like Indymedia has done for so many years. Software alone is not enough
in a networked service ecology, where servers, cables, wireless
networks, infrastructure that we all control is essential if we want
freedom. I hope to see you back on the Free/Libre/Open Source internet. Bye.

Filed under: Hactivisme i Evangelització TIC, MyWeb2.0, Privacitat, Surveillance, control elctrònic, xarxes socials online

Social Networks Online (Under construction) (V. 0.1)

Aquesta serà una pàgina de recopilació sobre ARS / SNA:

TEORIA / METODOLOGIA

APLICACIONS

Xarxes Socials Online

Darrerament no faig més que trobar als de Forrester Research parlant de les xarxes socials noline… Be, de la manera com en parlen ells: com es fa negoci a partir de les xarxes online, com es monetitza el seu enorme potencial…:

http://www.web-strategist.com/blog/2008/11/19/social-networks-site-usage-visitors-members-page-views-and-engagement-by-the-numbers-in-2008/

Al futbol, a l’analisi del joc d’un equip:

http://arsfutbol.wordpress.com/

Filed under: Networks, SNA - Social Network Anàlisis, xarxes socials online

The Future of Social Networks (Forrester Research dixit

Vaja, els de Forrester Resaarch predint el futur de les xarxes socials ONLINE… Sembla que ara per a tothom xarxa social = xarxa social online!!.. El carro davant del burro…

Filed under: Economia de xarxes, emarketing, xarxes socials online,

Complex Networks. Bibliografia, netografia i recursos (under construction, o V. 0.1)

TEORIA/METODOLOGIA/BASES:

Wikipedia:

AUTORS:

Grups de Recerca, Seminaris, Conferències propers….

Autors Espanyols:

  • Marian Boguñà.
  • Ricard V. Sole. Va fer un explendit curs de divulgació sobre les xarxes complexes a Cosmocaixa que em va entusiarmar, encara més, pel mòn de les xarxes, que havia descobert allà pel 1990 en un curs de doctorat sobre xarxes socials.

PUBLICACIONS:

  • Physical Review. La revista de la que he vist més articles publicats sobre les xarxes complexes.

APLICACIONS DEL MODEL DE LES XARXES COMPLEXES A LES CIÈNCIES SOCIALS i A LES TICS:

Xarxes Socials:

..al mon digital

  • Serveis de xarxes socials online. Potser la visualització més literal, més didàctica i, sobretot, més divulgadora del que són les xarxes en general. No en va tenim centenes de websites o serveis (SaaS) de:
    • social networking (objectiu: gestionar contactes)
    • compartir-alguna-cosa-amb-algú (continguts en qualsevol format) a traves de contactes, grups o xarxes.

En tenim una llista bastant exhaustiva, amb dades de usuaris registrats        (dades inflades, és clar), trafic generat, focus (tema/objectiu) i requisits de registre

..al món no digitalitzat

sociologia urbana, analisis d’organitzacions, i qualsevol aspecte social on intervingui qualsevol relació (aresta) entre persones, grups, institucions (nodes) es a dir, a QUALSEVOL àmbit social “gran”…

Biologia:

anàlisi de la cadena tròfica, dels ecosistemes (node=especie/arestes=presa-caçador, o qui es menja a qui), recerca que ha valgut una portada de la revista científica Nature a una recerca de l’equip del  Ricard V. Sole.

Lingüística:

anàlisi semàntic, relacions entre significants (fàcil) i entre significats (més complicadillo)

traducció automàtica

Marketing:

creuament de perfils psicològics, filtratge col·laboratiu, i tooooots els anuncis que ens trobem a les xarxes socials online

Biblioteconomia i documentació:

val més un exemple que mil paraules: scimago group.

Neurociencies:

el cervell humà és segurament la xarxa complexa més complexa de l’univers

Internet, mòn digital i telecomunicacions en general:

pufff, la aplicació és practicament infinita, i sembla que ja es comença a usar per definir protocols d’enrutament, estructuració i definició de Internet…

EINES: VISUALITZACIÓ

ALS MASS MEDIA

Filed under: Complex Networks, Neurociencies,

Workshop on Surveillance & Empowerment ( March 20-22, 2009)

Per si algun lector te ganes de fer un vol pel sud dels USA. Social networks online, cloud computing i surveillance, tremendament interessant… i que ja hauria d’estar a l’agenda política i el debat públic. Ja tardem.

OPEN CALL FOR PARTICIPATION

Workshop on Surveillance & Empowerment
March 20-22, 2009
Vanderbilt University; Nashville, Tennessee, USA

This workshop will bring together transdisciplinary and international
scholars studying the social implications of contemporary surveillance with
a particular interest in the complexities of empowerment.  In the
surveillance studies literature, there have been significant contributions
on social sorting, digital discrimination, privacy invasion, racial
profiling, sexual harassment, and other mechanisms of unequal treatment.  In
contradistinction, this workshop seeks to explore the potential of
surveillance for individual autonomy and dignity, fairness and due process,
community cooperation and empowerment, and social equality.  Key to this
inquiry will be questioning the extent to which surveillance can be
designed, employed, and regulated to contribute to democratic practices
and/or the social good.

The very framing of the workshop in terms of “surveillance and empowerment”
begs the question of empowerment for whom and for what purposes.  Thus, we
seek to provoke a broad discussion about the ways in which surveillance
practices may unfairly embody advantages for some groups over others and to
explore alternatives.  To this end, the workshop organizers seek to include
as many different voices as possible, from as many different countries as
possible.

Given the diversity of scholarly interest in and approaches to surveillance,
the workshop will be structured around discussion themes that individuals
from any disciplinary background can participate in.  Possible research
areas might include (but aren’t limited to):

. Surveillance in post-authoritarian societies – toward
restrictions and counters to the unleashed surveillance of former regimes.
. Ubiquitous computing environments that provide care for the
dependent and elderly.
. Social networking tools employed by social movements.
. Surveillance of environmental toxins and waste management.
. Monitoring of energy consumption at any level.
. Surveillance of corporations, government agencies, or
political parties by watchdog groups.
. Policies for ensuring privacy, accountability, and
transparency with video or other surveillance systems.

The findings of the workshops will be disseminated by means of a special
issue of a journal, such as Surveillance & Society or Theoretical
Criminology, or as an edited book.

Travel stipends, food, and lodging will be provided for all participants.
Participants will be chosen to provide a balanced representation of both
junior and senior scholars, disciplinary training, and international
perspectives.  Graduate students and participants from outside the U.S. are
especially encouraged to apply.

Potential participants should submit:
1.       A 500-750 word abstract that discusses how your current and/or
future research fits with the proposed workshop theme of surveillance and
empowerment, and
2.       A two-page curriculum vitae or resume, listing your relevant
publications and experience.

Deadline:  January 5, 2009
Submit materials to:  workshop@publicsurveillance.com

Full papers will not be required in advance of the workshop. Article
submissions for the journal will be requested in the months following the
workshop (at a date yet to be determined).  Should we decide to pursue an
edited book as an outcome of this workshop, we will ask participants to
submit titles, abstracts, and brief biographies.

We will select and notify participants by January 20, 2009.  For more
information, please contact Torin Monahan (torin.monahan@vanderbilt.edu) or
visit www.publicsurveillance.com/workshop.html.

This project is supported by the National Science Foundation (under grant
#0623122 and #0853749) and by the Department of Human and Organizational
Development at Vanderbilt University.

The Workshop Committee
(Torin Monahan, Gary T. Marx, Simon A. Cole, Jill A. Fisher)
Torin Monahan, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Human & Organizational Development
Associate Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University
www.torinmonahan.com

Filed under: DataMining i Datawarehouse, Networks, Política, Surveillance, control elctrònic,

Com Obama ho ha fet: la estrategia de xarxes socials que ha portat a un desconegut senador a la casa blanca (Technology Review)

ww.technologyreview.com/web/21222

Technology Review
September/October 2008
How Obama Really Did It
The social-networking strategy that took an obscure senator to the doors of the White House.
By David Talbot

Joe Trippi, Howard Dean’s 2004 presidential campaign manager and
Internet impresario, describes Super Tuesday II–the March 4 primaries
in Texas, Ohio, Vermont, and Rhode Island–as the moment Barack Obama
used social tech­nology to decisive effect. The day’s largest hoard of
dele­gates would be contested in Texas, where a strong showing would
require exceptional discipline and voter-education efforts. In Texas,
Democrats vote first at the polls and then, if they choose, again at
caucuses after the polls close. The caucuses award one-third of the
Democratic delegates.

Hillary Clinton’s camp had about 20,000 volunteers at work in Texas.
But in an e-mail, Trippi learned that 104,000 Texans had joined
Obama’s social-­networking site, http://www.my.barackobama.com, known as
MyBO. MyBO and the main Obama site had already logged their share of
achievements, particularly in helping rake in cash. The month before,
the freshman senator from Illinois had set a record in American
politics by garnering $55 million in donations in a single month. In
Texas, MyBO also gave the Obama team the instant capacity to wage
fully networked campaign warfare. After seeing the volunteer numbers,
Trippi says, “I remember saying, ‘Game, match–it’s over.’”

The Obama campaign could get marching orders to the Texans registered
with MyBO with minimal effort. The MyBO databases could slice and dice
lists of volunteers by geographic micro­region and pair people with
appropriate tasks, including prepping nearby voters on caucus
procedure. “You could go online and download the names, addresses, and
phone numbers of 100 people in your neighborhood to get out and
vote–or the 40 people on your block who were undecided,” Trippi says.
“‘Here is the leaflet: print it out and get it to them.’ It was you,
at your computer, in your house, printing and downloading. They did it
all very well.” Clinton won the Texas primary vote 51 to 47 percent.
But Obama’s ­people, following their MyBO playbook, so overwhelmed the
chaotic, crowded caucuses that he scored an overall victory in the
Texas delegate count, 99 to 94. His showing nearly canceled out
­Clinton’s win that day in Ohio. Clinton lost her last major
opportunity to stop the Obama juggernaut. “In 1992, Carville said,
‘It’s the economy, stupid,’” Trippi says, recalling the exhortation of
Bill Clinton’s campaign manager, James Carville. “This year, it was
the network, stupid!”

Throughout the political season, the Obama campaign has domi­nated new
media, capitalizing on a confluence of trends. Americans are more able
to access media-rich content online; 55 percent have broadband
Internet connections at home, double the figure for spring 2004.
Social-networking technologies have matured, and more Americans are
comfortable with them. Although the 2004 Dean campaign broke ground
with its online meeting technologies and blogging, “people didn’t
quite have the facility,” says ­Lawrence Lessig, a Stanford law
professor who has given the Obama campaign Internet policy advice
(Lessig wrote The People Own Ideas! in our May/June 2005 issue). “The
world has now caught up with the technology.” The Obama campaign, he
adds, recognized this early: “The key networking advance in the Obama
field operation was really deploying community­-building tools in a
smart way from the very beginning.”

Of course, many of the 2008 candidates had websites, click-to-donate
tools, and social-networking features–even John McCain, who does not
personally use e-mail. But the Obama team put such technologies at the
center of its campaign–among other things, recruiting 24-year-old
Chris Hughes, cofounder of Facebook, to help develop them. And it
managed those tools well. Supporters had considerable discretion to
use MyBO to organize on their own; the campaign did not micromanage
but struck a balance between top-down control and anarchy. In short,
Obama, the former Chicago community organizer, created the ultimate
online political machine.

The Obama campaign did not provide access or interviews for this
story; it only confirmed some details of our reporting and offered
written comments. This story is based on interviews with third parties
involved in developing Obama’s social-networking strategy or who were
familiar with it, and on public records.

An Online Nervous System
A row of elegant, renovated 19th-century industrial buildings lines
Boston’s Congress Street east of Fort Point Channel. On any given day,
behind a plain wooden door on the third floor of 374 Congress, 15 to
20 casually clad programmers tap away at computers. On the day I
visited, the strains of Creedence Clearwater Revival filled the room;
a Ping-Pong table dominated the small kitchen. This is the technology
center for Blue State Digital, which means that it is also the nervous
system for its two largest clients, the Barack Obama campaign and the
Democratic National Committee. Founded by alumni of the Dean campaign,
Blue State Digital added interactive elements to Obama’s
website–including MyBO–and now tends to its daily care and feeding.
The site’s servers hum away in a Boston suburb and are backed up in
the Chicago area.

Jascha Franklin-Hodge, 29, greeted me with a friendly handshake and a
gap-toothed grin. He has a deep voice and a hearty laugh; his face is
ringed by a narrow beard. Franklin-Hodge dropped out of MIT after his
freshman year and spent a few years in online music startups before
running the Internet infrastructure for the Dean campaign, which
received a then-­unprecedented $27 million in online donations. “When
the campaign ended, we thought, ‘Howard Dean was not destined to be
president, but what we are doing online–this is too big to let go
away,’” he says. He and three others cofounded Blue State Digital,
where he is chief technology officer. (Another cofounder, Joe Rospars,
is now on leave with the Obama campaign as its new-media director.)

The MyBO tools are, in essence, rebuilt and consolidated versions of
those created for the Dean campaign. Dean’s website allowed supporters
to donate money, organize meetings, and distribute media, says Zephyr
Teachout, who was Dean’s Internet director and is now a visiting law
professor at Duke University. “We developed all the tools the Obama
campaign is using: SMS [text messaging], phone tools, Web capacity,”
Teachout recalls. “They [Blue State Digital] did a lot of nice work in
taking this crude set of unrelated applications and making a complete
suite.”

Blue State Digital had nine days to add its tools to Obama’s site
before the senator announced his candidacy on February 10, 2007, in
Springfield, IL. Among other preparations, the team braced for heavy
traffic. “We made some projections of traffic levels, contribution
amounts, and e-mail levels based on estimates from folks who worked
with [John] Kerry and Dean in 2004,” recalls Franklin­-Hodge. As
Obama’s Springfield speech progressed, “we were watching the traffic
go up and up, surpassing all our previous records.” (He would not
provide specific numbers.) It was clear that early assumptions were
low. “We blew through all of those [estimates] in February,” he says.
“So we had to do a lot of work to make sure we kept up with the demand
his online success had placed on the system.” By July 2008, the
campaign had raised more than $200 million from more than a million
online donors (Obama had raised $340 million from all sources by the
end of June), and MyBO had logged more than a million user accounts
and facilitated 75,000 local events, according to Blue State Digital.

MyBO and the main campaign site made it easy to give money–the fuel
for any campaign, because it pays for advertising and staff. Visitors
could use credit cards to make one-time donations or to sign up for
recurring monthly contributions. MyBO also made giving money a social
event: supporters could set personal targets, run their own
fund-raising efforts, and watch personal fund-­raising thermometers
rise. To bring people to the site in the first place, the campaign
sought to make Obama a ubiquitous presence on as many new-media
platforms as possible.

The viral Internet offered myriad ways to propagate unfiltered Obama
messages. The campaign posted the candidate’s speeches and linked to
multimedia material generated by supporters. A music video set to an
Obama speech–”Yes We Can,” by the hip-hop artist Will.i.am–has been
posted repeatedly on YouTube, but the top two postings alone have been
viewed 10 million times. A single YouTube posting of Obama’s March 18
speech on race has been viewed more than four million times.
Similarly, the campaign regularly sent out text messages (at Obama
rallies, speakers frequently asked attendees to text their contact
information to his campaign) and made sure that Obama was prominent on
other social-networking sites, such as Facebook and MySpace (see
“New-Media King” chart above). The campaign even used the
micro­blogging service Twitter, garnering about 50,000 Obama
“followers” who track his short posts. “The campaign, consciously or
unconsciously, became much more of a media operation than simply a
presidential campaign, because they recognized that by putting their
message out onto these various platforms, their supporters would
spread it for them,” says Andrew Rasiej, founder of the Personal
Democracy Forum, a website covering the intersection of politics and
technology (and another Dean alumnus). “We are going from the era of
the sound bite to the sound blast.”

Money flowed in, augmenting the haul from big-ticket fund-raisers. By
the time of the Iowa caucuses on January 3, 2008, the Obama campaign
had more than $35 million on hand and was able to use MyBO to organize
and instruct caucus-goers. “They have done a great job in being
precise in the use of the tools,” Teachout says. “In Iowa it was house
parties, looking for a highly committed local network. In South
Carolina, it was a massive get-out-the-vote effort.” MyBO was critical
both in the early caucus states, where campaign staff was in place,
and in later-­voting states like Texas, Colorado, and Wisconsin, where
“we provided the tools, remote training, and opportunity for
supporters to build the campaign on their own,” the Obama campaign
told Technology Review in a written statement. “When the campaign
eventually did deploy staff to these states, they supplemented an
already-built infrastructure and volunteer network.”

Using the Web, the Obama camp turbocharged age-old campaign tools.
Take phone banks: through MyBO, the campaign chopped up the task of
making calls into thousands of chunks small enough for a supporter to
handle in an hour or two. “Millions of phone calls were made to early
primary states by people who used the website to reach out and connect
with them,” Franklin-Hodge says. “On every metric, this campaign has
operated on a scale that has exceeded what has been done before. We
facilitate actions of every sort: sending e-mails out to millions and
millions of people, organizing tens of thousands of events.” The key,
he says, is tightly integrating online activity with tasks people can
perform in the real world. “Yes, there are blogs and Listservs,”
Franklin-Hodge says. “But the point of the campaign is to get someone
to donate money, make calls, write letters, organize a house party.
The core of the software is having those links to taking action–to
doing something.”

Pork Invaders
If the other major candidates had many of the same Web tools, their
experiences show that having them isn’t enough: you must make them
central to the campaign and properly manage the networks of supporters
they help organize. Observers say that ­Clinton’s campaign deployed
good tools but that online social networks and new media weren’t as
big a part of its strategy; at least in its early months, it relied
more on conventional tactics like big fund-raisers. After all, Clinton
was at the top of the party establishment. “They [the Obama
supporters] are chanting ‘Yes we can,’ and she’s saying ‘I don’t need
you,’” Trippi says. “That is what the top of that campaign said by
celebrating Terry McAuliffe [the veteran political operative and
former Democratic National Committee chairman] and how many millions
he could put together with big, big checks. She doesn’t need my $25!”
The two campaigns’ fund-raising statistics support Trippi’s argument:
48 percent of Obama’s funds came from donations of less than $200,
compared with 33 percent of Clinton’s, according to the Center for
Responsive Politics.

Clinton’s Internet director, Peter Daou, credits the Obama campaign
with doing an “amazing job” with its online social network. “If there
is a difference in how the two campaigns approached [a Web strategy],
a lot of those differences were based on our constituencies,” Daou
says. “We were reaching a different demographic of supporters and used
our tools accordingly.” For example, he says, the Clinton campaign
established a presence on the baby-boomer social-networking site
Eons.com, and Clinton herself often urged listeners to visit
http://www.hillaryclinton.com. But Andrew Rasiej says that the conventional
political wisdom questioned the value of the Internet. “As far as
major political circles were concerned,” he says, “Howard Dean failed,
and therefore the Internet didn’t work.”

While it’s hard to tease out how much Clinton’s loss was due to her
Web strategy–and how much to factors such as her Iraq War vote and
the half-generation difference between her and Obama’s ages–it seems
clear that her campaign deëmphasized Web strategy early on, Trippi
says. Even if you “have all the smartest bottom-up, tech-savvy people
working for you,” he says, “if the candidate and the top of the
campaign want to run a top-down campaign, there is nothing you can do.
It will sit there and nothing will happen. That’s kind of what
happened with the Clinton campaign.”

Republican Ron Paul had a different problem: Internet anarchy. Where
the Obama campaign built one central network and managed it
effectively, the Paul campaign decided early on that it would
essentially be a hub for whatever networks the organizers were setting
up. The results were mixed. On the one hand, volunteers organized
successful “money bombs”–one-day online fund-raising frenzies (the
one on November 5, 2007, netted Paul $4.3 million). But sometimes the
volunteers’ energy–and money–was wasted, says Justine Lam, the Paul
campaign’s Internet director, who is now the online marketing director
at Politicker.com. Consider the supporter-driven effort to hire a
blimp emblazoned with “Who is Ron Paul? Google Ron Paul” to cruise up
and down the East Coast last winter. “We saw all this money funding a
blimp, and thought, ‘We really need this money for commercials,’” Lam
says.

Then there is McCain, who–somewhat ironically–was the big Internet
story of 2000. That year, after his New Hampshire primary victory over
George W. Bush, he quickly raised $1 million online. And at times last
year, he made effective use of the Internet. His staff made
videos–such as “Man in the Arena,” celebrating his wartime
service–that gained popularity on YouTube. But the McCain site is
ineffectual for social networking. In late June, when I tried to sign
up on McCainSpace–the analogue to MyBO–I got error messages. When I
tried again, I was informed that I would soon get a new password in my
in-box. It never arrived. “His social-networking site was poorly done,
and people found there was nothing to do on it,” says Lam. “It was
very insular, a walled garden. You don’t want to keep people inside
your walled garden; you want them to spread the message to new
people.”

McCain’s organization is playing to an older base of supporters. But
it seems not to have grasped the breadth of recent shifts in
communications technology, says David All, a Republican new-media
consultant. “You have an entire generation of folks under age 25 no
longer using e-mails, not even using Facebook; a majority are using
text messaging,” All says. “I get Obama’s text messages, and every one
is exactly what it should be. It is never pointless, it is always
worth reading, and it has an action for you to take. You can have
hundreds of recipients on a text message. You have hundreds of people
trying to change the world in 160 characters or less. What’s the SMS
strategy for John McCain? None.”

The generational differences between the Obama and McCain campaigns
may be best symbolized by the distinctly retro “Pork Invaders,” a game
on the McCain site (it’s also a Facebook application) styled after
Space Invaders, the arcade game of the late 1970s. Pork Invaders
allows you to fire bullets that say “veto” at slow-moving flying pigs
and barrels.

But it’s not that the campaign isn’t trying to speak to the youth of
today, as opposed to the youth of decades ago. Lately McCain has been
having his daughter Meghan and two friends write a “bloggette” from
the campaign trail. The bloggette site features a silhouette of a
fetching woman in red high-heeled shoes. “It gives a hipper, younger
perspective on the campaign and makes both of her parents seem hipper
and younger,” says Julie ­Germany, director of the nonpartisan
Institute for Politics, Democracy, and the Internet at George
Washington University. The McCain campaign did not reply to several
interview requests, but Germany predicts that the campaign will
exploit social networking in time to make a difference in November.
“What we will see is that the McCain online campaign is using the
Internet just as effectively to meet its goals as the Obama campaign,”
she says. Over the summer, the McCain campaign refreshed its website.
But Rasiej, for one, doubts that McCain has enough time to make up
lost ground.

A Networked White House?
The obvious next step for MyBO is to serve as a get-out-the-vote
engine in November. All campaigns scrutinize public records showing
who is registered to vote and whether they have voted in past
elections. The Obama campaign will be able to merge this data with
MyBO data. All MyBO members’ activity will have been chronicled: every
house party they attended, each online connection, the date and amount
of each donation. Rasiej sees how it might play out: the reliable
voters who signed up on MyBO but did little else may be left alone.
The most active ones will be deployed to get the unreliable
voters–whether MyBO members or not–to the polls. And personalized
pitches can be dished up, thanks to the MyBO database. “The more
contextual information they can provide the field operation, the
better turnout they will have,” he says.

If Obama is elected, his Web-oriented campaign strategy could carry
over into his presidency. He could encourage his supporters to deluge
members of Congress with calls and e-mails, or use the Web to organize
collective research on policy questions. The campaign said in one of
its prepared statements that “it’s certain that the relationships that
have been built between Barack Obama and his supporters, and between
supporters themselves, will not end on Election Day.” But whether or
not a President Obama takes MyBO into the West Wing, it’s clear that
the phenomenon will forever transform campaigning. “We’re scratching
the surface,” Trippi says. “We’re all excited because he’s got one
million people signed up–but we are 300 million people in this
country. We are still at the infancy stages of what social-­networking
technologies are going to do, not just in our politics but in
everything. There won’t be any campaign in 2012 that doesn’t try to
build a social network around it.”

Lessig warns that if Obama wins but doesn’t govern according to
principles of openness and change, as promised, supporters may not be
so interested in serving as MyBO foot soldiers in 2012. “The thing
they [the Obama camp] don’t quite recognize is how much of their
enormous support comes from the perception that this is someone
different,” Lessig says. “If they behave like everyone else, how much
will that stanch the passion of his support?”

But for now, it’s party time. At the end of June, after ­Clinton
suspended her campaign, MyBO put out a call for the faithful to
organize house parties under a “Unite for Change” theme. More than
4,000 parties were organized nationwide on June 28; I logged in and
picked three parties from about a dozen in the Boston area.

My first stop was a house party in the tony suburb of ­Winchester,
where several couples dutifully watched an Obama-supplied campaign
video. Host Mary Hart, an art professor in her 50s, said that Obama
and his website made her “open my house to strangers and really get
something going.” She added, “I’m e-mailing people I haven’t seen in
20 years. We have this tremendous ability to use this technology to
network with people. Why don’t we use it?”

Next stop was a lawn party in the Boston neighborhood of Roxbury,
whose organizer, Sachielle Samedi, 34, wore a button that said “Hot
Chicks Dig Obama.” She said that support for the Obama candidacy drew
neighbors together. At the party, Wayne Dudley, a retired history
professor, met a kindred spirit: Brian Murdoch, a 54-year-old
Episcopal priest. The two men buttonholed me for several minutes;
Dudley predicted that Obama would bring about “a new world order
centered on people of integrity.” Murdoch nodded vigorously. It was a
fine MyBO moment.

My evening ended at a packed post-collegiate party in a Somerville
walk-up apartment. Host Rebecca Herst, a 23-year-old program assistant
with the Jewish Organizing Initiative, said that MyBO–unlike
Facebook–allowed her to quickly upload her entire Gmail address book,
grafting her network onto Obama’s. “It will be interesting to see what
develops after this party, because now I’m connected to all these
people,” she shouted over the growing din. Two beery young men,
heading for the exits, handed her two checks for $20. Herst tucked the
checks into her back pocket.

David Talbot is Technology Review’s chief correspondent.

Copyright Technology Review 2008.

Filed under: MyWeb2.0, Networks, xarxes socials online, , ,

Funcionalitats d’algunes Xarxes Socials Online

Interessant sobre com una comunitat concreta (en aquest cas els bibliotecaris) poden aprofitar el SaaS en forma de xarxes socials online, per a

ABSTRACT

While Bebo, Facebook, hi5, MySpace, and Orkut are among the better-known general online social networks, there is an ever-increasing number of online networks that have emerged for and within a wide variety of communities. Among many others, these include networks for academe and education (e.g., EduSpaces), people of color (e.g., Black Planet), Boomers (e.g., Boomj), business (e.g., Linked-In), LGBT groups (e.g., OUTeverywhere), religion (e.g., MyChurch), and researchers and scholars (e.g., Nature Network).

This workshop provides an overview of the more significant niche online social networks, reviews their common and unique features and functionalities, and considers the potential opportunities for wider engaged library outreach to these communities. [URL]

Filed under: xarxes socials online, , ,

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