Openbits: Free & Open Bits


Hi ha moltes Societats del Coneixement possibles. Aquí apostem per una d’oberta i lliure.

Call for papers: Special issue of the Journal of the Association for Information

Tematiques i bibliografia per a l’estudi del funcionament empiric dels projectes de software lliure. Numero especial del JAIS, a seguir.

En negreta algunes afirmacions que comparteixo plenament. Les ensenyances i els exits del software lliure i el treball distribuit en base a comunitats son un model en el que es poden fixar qualsevol organitcació social. Són una autèntica revolució en l’organització social, un fenòmen de “nuevo cuño” que es interessantissim d’estudiar des de les ciències socials.

Call for papers: Special issue of the Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS) on Empirical Research on Free/Libre Open Source Software

We would also appreciate your sharing the call with students or colleagues who you think might be interested. Thanks!

Important dates

Deadline for articles 15 October 2009
Initial decisions by 15 January 2010
Revisions due 15 April 2010
Final decision by 15 July 2010

Call for papers: Special issue of the
Journal of the Association for Information Systems (JAIS)
Empirical Research on Free/Libre Open Source Software

Over the past decade, the Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) phenomenon has revolutionized the ways in which organizations and individuals create, distribute, acquire and use information systems and services, making it an increasingly important topic of research for information systems researchers. FLOSS has moved from a curiosity to the mainstream: it has become a useful instrument for educators and researchers, an important aspect of e-government and information society initiative and a consideration in all technology business plans (e.g., Fitzgerald 2006).

The apparent success of FLOSS development has challenged the conventional wisdom of the software and business communities about the best ways to develop and acquire software. The research literature on software development and on distributed work more generally emphasizes the difficulties of distributed software development (e.g., Herbsleb et al. 2000), but the apparent success of FLOSS development presents an intriguing counter-example. Characterized by a globally distributed developer force and a rapid and reliable software development process, effective FLOSS development teams somehow profit from the advantages and overcome the challenges of distributed work (Alhoet al. 1998). Traditional organizations have taken note of these successesand have sought ways of leveraging FLOSS methods for their own distributedteams. More broadly, FLOSS development provides a commonly referred to model for open collaboration, increasingly seen as a viable approach to community-based development of systems and information resources more generally. Thus, while in many ways unique, the distributed and self-organizing natureof FLOSS teams represents a mode of work that is increasingly common in many organizations.

As well, FLOSS development is an important phenomena deserving of study foritself (Feller 2001). FLOSS is an important commercial phenomenon involving all kinds of software development firms, large, small and startup. Millions of users depend on FLOSS systems such as Linux or Firefox, and the Internet is heavily dependent on FLOSS tools. These systems are an integral partof the infrastructure of modern society, making it critical to understand more fully how they are developed. Furthermore, FLOSS is an increasingly important venue for students learning about software development. However, researchers are just beginning to understand how people in these communities coordinate software development and the work practices necessary to their success.

Part of the challenge to researchers is that FLOSS is a complex phenomenon that requires an interdisciplinary understanding of its engineering, technical, economic, legal and socio-cultural dynamics. It is similar to many other phenomena (e.g., virtual teams, user innovation, distributed software engineering, voluntary organizations, social movements), without being exactly like any, making it difficult to identify and to apply relevant theories.Indeed, the term FLOSS includes groups with a wide diversity of participants and practices, with varying degrees of effectiveness, but the dimensionsof this space are still unclear. Empirically, the study of FLOSS is blessed with an abundance of certain kinds of “trace” data, generated throughthe everyday actions of developers. However, these data are limited to particular aspects of FLOSS work and are often difficult to connect to constructs of theoretical interest. As a result, research on FLOSS is in critical need of careful conceptualization and theorizing, with particular attentionto delineating the boundaries of theories in useful taxonomies of project types.

The growing research literature on FLOSS has addressed a variety of questions. First, numerous explanations have been proposed for why individuals decide to contribute to projects without pay (e.g., Bessen 2002; Franck et al.2002; Hann et al. 2002; Hertel et al. 2003; Markus et al. 2000). These authors have mentioned factors such as increasing the usefulness of the software (Hann et al. 2004), personal interest (Hann et al. 2004), ideological commitment, development of skills (Ljungberg 2000) with potential career impact (Hann et al. 2004) or enhancement of reputation (Markus et al. 2000). Further work in this area will need to distinguish between motivations for different kinds of projects and for developers with vastly different levels of commitment and contribution to a project and develop richer datasets of actual developer beliefs, intentions and behaviours. A methodological concern is developing valid samples of participants given the highly skewed distributions of activity.

Second, researchers have investigated the processes of FLOSS development (e.g., Raymond 1998; Stewart et al. 2002). Many of these studies have been done at the project level, e.g., using available data about project-level measures to predict success. These studies are often limited by the available data, which may only weakly reflect theoretical constructs of interest. Afew studies have been done at the level of individual developers, though many of the same concerns apply. For example, co-membership in projects can be viewed as a social network (e.g., Méndez-Durón et al. 2009), but strong theory is needed to interpret the network. On the other hand, since data are available longitudinally, there is an opportunity to perform strongertests of theory (e.g, Subramaniam et al. 2009). Fewer studies have grappled with the details of work practices within projects, in part because data about these practices are more difficult to identify, collect and analyze. Mainly Logs of email and other kinds of linguistic interactions are generally available, but are quite time consuming to analyze. As well, such studies reveal only the public face of developers’ actions, leaving their private work hidden. Still, detailed studies of FLOSS practices could be quite revealing for understanding this form of distributed work.

Third, researchers have examined the implications of FLOSS from economic and policy perspectives. For example, some authors have examined the implications of free software for commercial software companies or the implicationsof intellectual property laws for FLOSS (e.g., Di Bona et al. 1999; Kogut et al. 2001; Lerner et al. 2001). Lamastra (2009) found that FLOSS solutions developed by a sample of Italian companies were more innovative than the non-FLOSS solutions. Overall though, the nature and implications of participation of firms in FLOSS development are still open topics for research. Finally, a few authors have examined the use of FLOSS and its implementation in organizations. For example, Fitzgerald et al. (2003) examined the broad implementation of FLOSS in an Irish hospital. Implementation studies seem like a particularly promising area for information systems researchers, though such studies face a challenge to explicitly theorize about the relationship between the distinctive properties of FLOSS and the processes of implementation and use.

Example topics for the special issue

The research reviewed above, while extensive, is still just a starting point for understanding the phenomenon of FLOSS development and use. Papers areinvited for the special issue on any topic related to FLOSS development and use. Papers should be theory-driven or theory-building, with clear implications for further research and practice. Example topics include:

Social science: Understanding organizational and psychological issues in FLOSS
•    Diversity and international participation in FLOSS projects
•    Learning, knowledge sharing, collaboration, control or conflict in FLOSS projects
•    Dynamics of FLOSS project communities, building and sustaining
•    FLOSS historical foundations
•    FLOSS and social networks
•    FLOSS and social inclusion
•    Economic analysis of FLOSS
•    Knowledge management, e-learning and FLOSS

FLOSS systems development:
•    FLOSS and distributed development
•    Lessons from FLOSS for conventional development
•    Open sourcing vs. offshoring of development
•    FLOSS and standards
•    Mining and analyzing FLOSS project repositories
•    Documentation of FLOSS projects

Emerging perspectives: Lessons from FLOSS applied to other fields
•    Diffusion and adoption of FLOSS innovations
•    FLOSS and alternative intellectual property regimes
•    FLOSS, Open Science and “Open Knowledge”
•    Licensing, intellectual property and other legal issues in FLOSS
•    FLOSS and innovation
•    Economics of FLOSS

Studies of FLOSS deployment: Current studies and future issues
•    Case studies of FLOSS deployment, migration models, success and failure
•    FLOSS in the public sector (e.g., government, education, health care)
•    FLOSS in vertical domains and the ‘secondary’ software sector (e.g.,automotive, telecommunications, medical devices)
•    FLOSS-compatible IT governance architectures
•    FLOSS applications catalog (functionality, evaluation, platforms, support providers, training needs)
•    FLOSS education and training
•    FLOSS, e-government and transformational government
•    FLOSS business models and strategies

We particularly hope to receive papers that cut across these dimensions anduse the phenomenon of FLOSS to theorize about the evolving nature of technology-supported distributed work.


Alho, K., and Sulonen, R. “Supporting virtual software projects on the Web,” in: Workshop on Coordinating Distributed Software Development Projects, 7th International Workshop on Enabling Technologies: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises (WETICE ’98), Palo Alto, CA, USA, 1998.

Bessen, J. “Open Source Software: Free Provision of Complex Public Goods,” in: Research on Innovation, 2002.

Di Bona, C., Ockman, S., and Stone, M. (eds.) Open Sources: Voices from theOpen Source Revolution. O’Reilly & Associates, Sebastopol, CA, 1999.

Feller, J. “Thoughts on Studying Open Source Software Communities,” in:Realigning Research and Practice in Information Systems Development: The Social and Organizational Perspective, N.L. Russo, B. Fitzgerald and J.I. DeGross (eds.), Kluwer, 2001, pp. 379–388.

Fitzgerald, B. “The transformation of Open Source Software,” MIS Quarterly (30:4) 2006.

Fitzgerald, B., and Kenny, T. “Open source software in the trenches: Lessons from a large-scale OSS implementation,” International Conference on Information Systems, 2003.

Franck, E., and Jungwirth, C. “Reconciling investors and donators: The governance structure of open source,” No. 8, Lehrstuhl für Unternehmensführung und -politik, Universität Zürich.

Hann, I.-H., Roberts, J., Slaughter, S., and Fielding, R. “Economic incentives for participating in open source software projects,” the Twenty-Third International Conference on Information Systems, 2002, pp. 365–372.

Hann, I.-H., Roberts, J., and Slaughter, S.A. “Why developers participatein open source software projects: An empirical investigation,” in: Twenty-Fifth International Conference on Information Systems, Washington, DC, 2004, pp. 821–830.

Herbsleb, J.D., Mockus, A., Finholt, T., and Grinter, R.E. “Distance, dependencies, and delay in a global collaboration,” the 2000 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 2000, pp. 319-328.

Hertel, G., Niedner, S., and Herrmann, S. “Motivation of software developers in Open Source projects: an Internet-based survey of contributors  to the Linux kernel,” Research Policy (32), Jan 1 2003, pp 1159–1177.

Kogut, B., and Metiu, A. “Open-source software development and distributed innovation,” Oxford Review of Economic Policy (17:2) 2001, pp 248–264.

Lamastra, C.R. “Software innovativeness: A comparison between proprietaryand Free/Open Source solutions offered by Italian SMEs,” R\&D Management (39:2) 2009, pp 153–169.

Lerner, J., and Tirole, J. “The open source movement: Key research questions,” European Economic Review (45) 2001, pp 819–826.

Ljungberg, J. “Open Source Movements as a Model for Organizing,” European Journal of Information Systems (9:4) 2000.

Markus, M.L., Manville, B., and Agres, E.C. “What makes a virtual organization work?,” Sloan Management Review (42:1) 2000, pp 13–26.

Méndez-Durón, R., and García, C.E. “Returns from Social Capital in Open Source Software Networks,” Journal of Evolutionary Economics (19) 2009, pp 277–295

Raymond, E.S. “The cathedral and the bazaar,” First Monday (3:3) 1998.

Stewart, K.J., and Ammeter, T. “An exploratory study of factors influencing the level of vitality and popularity of open source projects,” the Twenty-Third International Conference on Information Systems, 2002, pp. 853–857.

Subramaniam, C., Sen, R., and Nelson, M.L. “Determinants of open source software project success: A longitudinal study,” Decision Support Systems (46:2) 2009, pp 576–585.

Filed under: Col·laboració, cooperació, p2p, FoSS,

Workshop on Surveillance & Empowerment ( March 20-22, 2009)

Per si algun lector te ganes de fer un vol pel sud dels USA. Social networks online, cloud computing i surveillance, tremendament interessant… i que ja hauria d’estar a l’agenda política i el debat públic. Ja tardem.


Workshop on Surveillance & Empowerment
March 20-22, 2009
Vanderbilt University; Nashville, Tennessee, USA

This workshop will bring together transdisciplinary and international
scholars studying the social implications of contemporary surveillance with
a particular interest in the complexities of empowerment.  In the
surveillance studies literature, there have been significant contributions
on social sorting, digital discrimination, privacy invasion, racial
profiling, sexual harassment, and other mechanisms of unequal treatment.  In
contradistinction, this workshop seeks to explore the potential of
surveillance for individual autonomy and dignity, fairness and due process,
community cooperation and empowerment, and social equality.  Key to this
inquiry will be questioning the extent to which surveillance can be
designed, employed, and regulated to contribute to democratic practices
and/or the social good.

The very framing of the workshop in terms of “surveillance and empowerment”
begs the question of empowerment for whom and for what purposes.  Thus, we
seek to provoke a broad discussion about the ways in which surveillance
practices may unfairly embody advantages for some groups over others and to
explore alternatives.  To this end, the workshop organizers seek to include
as many different voices as possible, from as many different countries as

Given the diversity of scholarly interest in and approaches to surveillance,
the workshop will be structured around discussion themes that individuals
from any disciplinary background can participate in.  Possible research
areas might include (but aren’t limited to):

. Surveillance in post-authoritarian societies – toward
restrictions and counters to the unleashed surveillance of former regimes.
. Ubiquitous computing environments that provide care for the
dependent and elderly.
. Social networking tools employed by social movements.
. Surveillance of environmental toxins and waste management.
. Monitoring of energy consumption at any level.
. Surveillance of corporations, government agencies, or
political parties by watchdog groups.
. Policies for ensuring privacy, accountability, and
transparency with video or other surveillance systems.

The findings of the workshops will be disseminated by means of a special
issue of a journal, such as Surveillance & Society or Theoretical
Criminology, or as an edited book.

Travel stipends, food, and lodging will be provided for all participants.
Participants will be chosen to provide a balanced representation of both
junior and senior scholars, disciplinary training, and international
perspectives.  Graduate students and participants from outside the U.S. are
especially encouraged to apply.

Potential participants should submit:
1.       A 500-750 word abstract that discusses how your current and/or
future research fits with the proposed workshop theme of surveillance and
empowerment, and
2.       A two-page curriculum vitae or resume, listing your relevant
publications and experience.

Deadline:  January 5, 2009
Submit materials to:

Full papers will not be required in advance of the workshop. Article
submissions for the journal will be requested in the months following the
workshop (at a date yet to be determined).  Should we decide to pursue an
edited book as an outcome of this workshop, we will ask participants to
submit titles, abstracts, and brief biographies.

We will select and notify participants by January 20, 2009.  For more
information, please contact Torin Monahan ( or

This project is supported by the National Science Foundation (under grant
#0623122 and #0853749) and by the Department of Human and Organizational
Development at Vanderbilt University.

The Workshop Committee
(Torin Monahan, Gary T. Marx, Simon A. Cole, Jill A. Fisher)
Torin Monahan, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Human & Organizational Development
Associate Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University

Filed under: DataMining i Datawarehouse, Networks, Política, Surveillance, control elctrònic, – Congrès més que interessant.

18th International World Wide Web Conference
April 20 – 24, 2009, Madrid, Spain

WWW2009 seeks original papers describing research in all areas of the Web.
Papers may be submitted to the following tracks:

* Data Mining
* Internet Monetization
* Performance and Scalability
* Rich Media
* Search
* Security and Privacy
* Semantic / Data Web
* Social Networks and Web 2.0
* User Interfaces and Mobile Web
* Web Engineering
* XML and Web Data

In addition, the conference solicits original research papers to the following alternate tracks:

* Industrial Practice and Experience
* WWW in Ibero-America

Refereed papers due:  November 3, 2008 (11:59 pm Hawaii Time; no extensions will be granted)
Acceptance Notification:   January 20, 2009
Conference dates:  April 20 – 24, 2009


Workshops: October 10th, 2008
Tutorials: November 30th, 2008
Panels: December 21st, 2008
Posters: January 11th, 2009
Developers track: February 2nd, 2009

Submissions should present original reports of substantive new work and can be up to 10 pages in length. Papers should properly place the work within the field, cite related work, and clearly indicate the innovative aspects of the work and its contribution to the field. We will not accept any paper which, at the time of submission, is under review for or has already been published or accepted for publication in a journal or another conference.

All papers will be peer-reviewed by at least three reviewers from an International Program Committee. Accepted papers will appear in online proceedings published by the ACM Digital Library and the conference’s web site. The Program Committee will select a small number of excellent papers for fast-track journal publication in the ACM Transactions on the Web.

Authors of accepted papers will retain proprietary rights to their work, but will be required to sign a copyright release form to IW3C2. Detailed formatting and submission requirements are available at

The WWW2009 program will also include Tutorials and Workshops, Panels, a W3C track, a Developers track, Posters, and Exhibitions. See for details.

General Chairs:
* Juan Quemada, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)
* Gonzalo Leon, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)

Program Chairs
* Yoelle Maarek, Google Inc. (Israel)
* Wolfgang Nejdl, L3S and Hannover University (Germany)

Local Organizing Committee Chair
* Joan Vinyes, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)

Filed under: DataMining i Datawarehouse, Economia de xarxes, emarketing, SNA - Social Network Anàlisis, ,

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